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A false claim about the 2022 World Cup


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Here’s the latest installment of a regular feature I’ve been running for several years: lessons of association Media Literacy Project (NLP), which aims to teach students and the public how to sort fact from fiction in our digital and controversial age. There has never been a time in recent US history when this skill has been more important, due to the spread of rumors and conspiracy theories on social media and partisan sites.

NLP was founded more than a decade ago by Alan Miller, a former Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist from the Los Angeles Times, and it has become the leading provider of information literacy education in the nation. You can learn more about the organization and its resources and programs here.

Content for this article comes from Sift, the organization of newsletter for educators, which has nearly 22,000 subscribers. Published weekly during the school year, it explores timely examples of misinformation, discusses media and press freedom topics, explores social media trends and issues, and includes discussion prompts and activities to the class. Get Smart About News, modeled on the Sift, is a free weekly newsletter for the public.

NLP has an online learning platform, Checkologywhich helps educators teach middle and high school students how to identify credible information, seek out reliable sources, and know what to trust, what to reject, and what to debunk.

It also gives them an appreciation for the importance of the First Amendment and a free press. Checkology and all NLP resources and programs are free. Since 2016, over 42,000 educators and 375,000 students in all 50 states, DC and over 120 other countries have registered to use the platform.

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Here is material from the October 17 edition of the Sift:

Dig deeper: Don’t miss this week’s class-ready resource.

1. Americans share widely held concerns on the spread of misinformation, with 91 percent of adults saying it’s a problem, according to a new poll. Across the political spectrum, Democrats (80%) and Republicans (70%) also agree that misinformation increases political extremism. Many Americans say they have taken steps to avoid misinformation or curb its spread, whether that means deciding not to share content on social media, checking multiple sources, or using websites and tools. fact-checking.

• Discuss: How does online disinformation increase political polarization? What catches your eye when it comes to online posts and news? Have you ever shared misinformation online or noticed someone who has? How do you determine if online information is legitimate? What steps can you take to avoid spreading misinformation?

â—¦ “Disinformation” (NLP Checkology® virtual classroom).

◦ Infographic: “Is it legit? Five Steps to Verifying a News Source » (NLP Resource Library).

◦ “Check the facts! » (NLP Resource Library).

2. Should newspapers support political candidates? With the approach of the mid-term, the question of political endorsements by the media is sparking new debate in newsrooms, with some recently opting for stop supporting leading candidates. Journalists opposite endorsers say that although there is a strict separation between news coverage and editorial boards, readers do not always distinguish between the two. Journalists in Support mentions claim to continue a long-standing tradition of writing insightful and informed opinions in service of the public.

• Idea: Have students look at a print or digital newspaper and try to distinguish between news and opinion pieces. What is the difference between the two sections? What labels or titles do news outlets use to separate news and opinion?

â—¦ “Understanding Bias” (Checkology virtual class)

â—¦ ‘Separate news and opinion, say audience – and label it clearly, say reporters’ (NLP Resource Library).

â—¦ “Distinguishing between news, opinion and propaganda” (NLP Resource Library).

â—¦ “Is the newspaper’s approval dying?” (Charlotte Klein, Vanity Fair).

◦ “Opinion, news or editorial? Often readers cannot tell the difference. (Eliana Miller, Poynter).

You read correctly ! We’ve relaunched the list of viral rumors you know and love on a new platform called keep rumors.

The rules do not prohibit meetings, alcohol at the World Cup

NOPE: This is not an official list of rules for participating in the 2022 World Cup.

YES: FIFA, the international governing body of football, and the Supreme Committee for Delivery and Legacy, the organizers of the Qatar World Cup, have published statements confirming the the list is wrong.

YES: This poster was put out by a group of Qatari citizens who encourage tourists to respect the country’s conservative customs.

NOPE: This group is not responsible for establishing the rules of the World Cup.

NewsTakeaway bed: If in doubt, check the source. Videos claiming these were official rules that needed to be implemented during the 2022 FIFA World Cup in Qatar received hundreds of thousands of views in October 2022. Fact checkers at Reuters confirmed that this list of rules was published by a group of Qatari citizens who have no connection with FIFA. In fact, the graphic includes the band’s logo in the top left corner. The fake rules likely went viral because they ‘appeared’ loyal to those who think Qatar is a poor choice to host this global event due to the country’s conservative stances on homosexuality, alcohol and others. items listed in this meme. Since the rules seemed to confirm those beliefs, many people shared the post. This is an example of confirmation bias.

Dig deeper: use this reflection sheet to explore RumorGuard and assess the credibility of this false claim about the 2022 World Cup.

Image taken out of context to make false claims about war, BBC

NOPE: The The BBC did not stagefakes or manufactures his cover of Ukrainian refugees fleeing Irpin under heavy fire from the Russian army.

YES: This is a real still image of a March 6 BBC report.

YES: In the full BBC video, viewers can hear explosions, see refugees flee as buildings burn and see footage of civilian casualties.

NewsLit Takeaway: A still image was taken from a 3 minute 41 second BBC video from March 2022 and shared online with the false claim that the journalist claimed to be on the front line to dramatize the dispute. This is a common tactic of propagandists who select a single item, such as a photo or video, and use it to distort a larger issue while ignoring troves of conflicting evidence. Beware of posts that use an individual image out of context to push a claim, in this case that the media is fabricating stories about Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

• A viral fake story about schools providing litter boxes for students who identify as animals has increasingly “taken on a life of its own” after being repeated by conservative commentators, influencers and politicians.

• The country most resistant to misinformation? According to this media literacy indexthis is Finland, where students learn to decipher between misinformation and legitimate news.

• Check those advices from the Stanford History Education Group on what domain names like .edu, .com, and .org can — and can’t — tell us about a website’s trustworthiness.

• A group of volunteer journalists in a town in Minnesota started their own non-profit organization local news after the closure of their local newspaper – and even created a voter’s guide ahead of the next election.

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