The gynecologist answers the FAQs you need to know

Read on to learn more about what an expert has to say about menopausal hormone therapy and its side effects.

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New Delhi: There comes a time in a woman’s life when the hormones start to decline. Estrogen begins to decline after a woman turns 45 and enters the peri-menopause phase followed by menopause in the mid-50s. Menopause is often accompanied by hot flashes, lack of libido and night sweats. To manage this, doctors recommend hormone replacement therapy – a treatment that introduces female hormones to replace the lack of estrogen in the body during menopause. However, interfering with the normal functioning of hormones could have serious consequences. Read on to learn more about what an expert has to say about menopausal hormone therapy and its side effects.

Dr. Gandhali Deorukhkar, Gynecologist at Wockhardt Hospital, spoke about HRT and its possible negative effects.

“The importance of women’s health and quality of life after menopause is increasing. The most effective treatment for vasomotor symptoms (VMS) and genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) is menopausal hormone therapy (MHT), which is also effective in preventing osteoporosis. MHT is an effective therapy that offers more benefits than harms for women under the age of 60 or who have been in menopause for less than 10 years,” she said.

“Points to consider before starting MHT include checking the indications and contraindications of MHT, which requires recording a history, physical exams, and other tests. Because the symptoms of menopause are varied, personalized tests should be performed for each risk factor based on the baseline examination performed based on a woman’s life cycle and family history,” the expert added.

The baseline examination, which is a general examination conducted according to the life course, should identify lifestyles such as smoking and drinking habits; mental illnesses such as depression; and with a family history of diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease, osteoporosis, diabetes, endometrial cancer, breast cancer, liver disease, thyroid disease, cardiovascular disease and venous thromboembolism via the anamnesis.

Additionally, the baseline examination should include a physical examination of height, weight, and blood pressure as well as the pelvis, breasts, and thyroid. Blood tests include tests for liver function, kidney function, anemia, and fasting blood sugar as well as a lipid test, followed by a mammogram, bone mineral density (BMD) test ), a pelvic ultrasound and a Pap test. In premature ovarian failure (POF), MHT can be used at least until the middle age of menopause regardless of symptoms.

Disclaimer: The tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purposes only and should not be construed as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or dietitian before starting any fitness program or making any changes to your diet.